Important Facts to Know About Corn Hybrids Selection

— Written By and last updated by
en Español

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.

English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲

hybrid cornHybrid selection is one of the most important management decisions a corn grower makes each year. Corn growers are confronted with the difficult task of selecting three to four hybrids from approximately 100 varieties offered by more than 20 companies. Significant effort is required to sort through the confusing array of numbers and yield. To simplify hybrid selection, the process may be divided into eight steps that generate intelligent hybrid selections and increased corn profits.

Step 1) Analyze the role of corn on the farm. Pinpoint special corn hybrid traits needed in an operation. Do you have a market for grain or silage? Are fields plagued with viral diseases or gray leaf spot? Do billbug problems and no-till demand that hybrids grow off quickly? Priorities should be written down!

Step 2) Ask for product information describing the agronomic traits (yield, standability, maturity, disease ratings, grain quality, seedling vigor, etc.) of hybrids grown in local tests. Attend meetings where seed suppliers describe the strengths and weaknesses of their products.

Step 3) Obtain hybrid data from independent sources. Call your Cooperative Extension agent and ask for N.C. State University’s statewide corn variety testing results. Growers should also ask for the results of any county tests involving hybrid comparisons, as well as, a summary of state and local yield contestsand make a list of those hybrids that consistently rank among the best performers.

Step 4) Discuss corn hybrid performance with seed dealers, grain buyers and fellow farmers. Everyone has strong opinions about corn hybrids. As they encounter tales of super hybrid performance and failure, growers should not give great credence to individual comments. However, when several experienced corn people observe that, “Every stalk was standing!” or “It grew off extremely fast!”, growers can gain much insight into hybrid performance.

Step 5) Make a list of hybrids that appear repeatedly at the top of yield comparisons and yield contest summaries. Growers should strive to identify hybrids that perform well under diverse management regimes on numerous farms. Good hybrids will not always win yield contests and comparisons but they will appear among the leading entries. Hybrid performance may vary with seasonal conditions and soil types. Growers should be wary of newly introduced hybrids that may perform atypically in their first year of availability.

Step 6) Eliminate from the list those hybrids that do not meet the special requirements of your operation. Remember the special farm needs written down in Step 1! Corn producers should use notes taken at company-sponsored meetings, any hybrid literature obtained (Step 2) and information gathered locally (Step 4) to cull hybrids from the list that are not suited to their style of corn farming.

Step 7) Choose from the hybrids remaining on your “short list”. Corn producers should review their information and notes to ensure that they have selected hybrid maturities that adequately spread their harvest.

Step 8) Conduct your own hybrid comparisons. Each year, corn producers should select 4 to 6 promising hybrids and evaluate them on their farm with their management practices. The best procedure for grower testing of hybrids is the strip test where each hybrid tested is grown adjacent to a common “tester” hybrid. The strip test, with tester hybrids, permits any yield data collected to be adjusted for soil variability. If not using a tester, growers should place the hybrids they are considering beside the hybrid that has performed best for them in the past. Growers conducting their own hybrid evaluations must remember to select uniform test fields with minimal soil variability and restrict comparisons to hybrids of the same maturity. On-farm hybrid evaluations are simple for growers who use combine-mounted GPS receivers and yield monitors to create GIS yield maps. Corn producers with yield monitors will find it easy to compare several hybrids at multiple farm sites

Written By

John Cothren, N.C. Cooperative ExtensionJohn CothrenCounty Extension Director Call John Email John N.C. Cooperative Extension, Wilkes County Center
Updated on Mar 3, 2021
Was the information on this page helpful? Yes check No close
Scannable QR Code to Access Electronic Version